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FunSwimShop.co.uk - Advice Water Rehabilitation
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Water rehabilitation, also know known as aqua therapy or pool therapy.

An exercise programme performed in water
The combination of exercise in water creates an optimal environment for rehabilitation from a variety of medical conditions.

The benefits of aqua aerobics are due to the three physical properties of water: buoyancy, viscosity, and hydrostatic pressure.

Buoyancy:
The buoyancy of water assists in supporting the weight of the patient and can be enhanced by the use of flotation and floatation devices. This decreases the stress on weight-bearing joints making it easier and less painful to perform exercise. This is especially useful for patients with arthritis, healing fractures, or who are overweight. One of the greatest benefits of water exercise is its effect on flexibility. Water is a welcome environment for performing stretches that might otherwise be difficult on land. Because the effects of gravity are lessened, patients can move their joints through a wider range of motion and achieve greater flexibility during aqua aerobics classes

Viscosity:
Water provides an excellent source of resistance allowing for muscle strengthening without the need for weights. The resistance coupled with buoyancy during exercise in water allows a patient to strengthen muscle groups with decreased joint stress and this can not be achieved on land. Using special equipment, such as float jackets or water weights can increase resistance producing significant strength gains.

Hydrostatic pressure:
Water produces hydrostatic pressure to all submerged body parts. This is an equal pressure increasing with depth. This pressure opposes the tendency of blood to pool in the lower extremities and therefore reduces any swelling. The pressure is perpendicular to the body’s surface and provides joint positional awareness to the patient. 

Lastly, the warmth of the water experienced during aquatic therapy or water aerobics assists in relaxing muscles and dilates vessels, increasing blood flow to injured areas. .

A well-designed aqua therapy exercise programme can be used alone or in conjunction with other forms of physical therapy for the patient. The addition of aqua aerobics equipment can enhance your water aerobics session.

Water rehabilitation is not for everyone. Please discuss with your doctor before beginning any water exercise programme.